Starting with Ukraine's southwestern border and moving clockwise around the country's borders, Ukraine shares boundaries with Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, and Russia. A surge of ethnic nationalism created a series of new states in Eastern Europe, validated by the Versailles Treaty of 1919. Many countries of this region joined the European Union, namely Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax r… The majority of Poland is land-based, with 117,473 square miles, or 97.3%, of the total area being made up of land. Some countries in Southeast Europe can be considered part of Eastern Europe. The central banks are independent state institutions, which possess a monopoly on managing and implementing a state's or federation's monetary policy. The term Eastern World, or Orient refers to the countries and cultures of "The East", eastern Eurasia (Asia, especially East Asia), but also Northeastern Africa, Eastern Aurasia and some parts of Oceania.This is opposed to the Western World or the Occident, western Eurasia (), in the Edward Saïd's orientalist ideology of the East-West conflict.. The Slovak Republic also shares boundaries with Ukraine, Austria, and the Czech Republic. The remaining 3,255 square miles are water regions. Western Europe according to this point of view is formed by countries with dominant Roman Catholic and Protestant churches (including Central European countries such as Croatia, Slovenia, Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). Click here for Coronavirus Stats. New countries included Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine (which was soon absorbed by the Soviet Union), Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. These kingdoms were, either from the start or later on, incorporated into various Iranian empires, including the Achaemenid Persian, Parthian, and Sassanid Persian Empires. East Africa refers to the region of Africa that extends to the easternmost region of the continent. These definitions are debated across cultures and among experts, even political scientists,[11] as the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". Eastern Standard Time (EST) is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, ethnic, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. The following countries are labelled Central European by some commentators, though others still consider them to be Eastern European.[31][32][33]. [48], Serfdom was a prevalent status of agricultural workers until the 19th century. Cyprus is another island nation, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Egypt. The population density is calculated as about 350 people per square mile of land in the Czech Republic. The following countries are labelled Southeast European by some commentators, though others still consider them to be Eastern European. Ukraine's total area is about 233,013 square miles in total, making it the second-largest country in Europe. The 196 countries of the world can be logically divided into eight regions based on their geography, mostly aligning with the continent on which they are located. See full time zone map A major result of the First World War was the breakup of the Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires, as well as partial losses to the German Empire. [4] Most historians and social scientists view such definitions[which?] 1. Many of the countries were still largely rural, with little industry and only a few urban centres. This interactive educational game will you learn even more about eastern Africa by learning the locations of the countries in region. Calling Cards General information. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. The population of Slovakia is just under 5.5 million people. All three states participate in the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations: Some of the European republics of the former Soviet Union are considered a part of Eastern Europe: The term "Central Europe" is often used by historians to designate states formerly belonging to the Holy Roman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the western portion of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. More formally called the Ukraine, this Eastern European country is surrounded by seven fellow European countries and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The Republic of Poland is known for being the most religious-minded country in all of Europe. Historians, until the 20th century, focused on master-serf economic and labor relations, portraying the serfs as slave-like, passive, and isolated. [57], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°N 30°E / 50°N 30°E / 50; 30, World War II and the onset of the Cold War. The capital city of Belarus is Minsk. The Czech Republic and Slovakia, now two separate independent countries, were both part of Czechoslovakia from just after World War II until 1993. The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles and has a population size of approximately 1.17 million. Eastern Europe is a region of the continent of Europe.In total, the Eastern European area of the world accounts for seven countries and three republics, out of the global total number of countries that equates to 196.. Even so, Ukraine only accounts for about 0.57% of the global population. Ankara is … "New Scholarship on Central and Eastern Europe. The region was the main battlefield in the Second World War (1939–45), with German and Soviet armies sweeping back and forth, with millions of Jews killed by the Nazis, and millions of others killed by disease, starvation, and military action, or executed after being deemed as politically dangerous. The United Nations classifies Eastern Europe as including the following countries…. Throughout Eastern Europe, German-speaking populations living there since generations were expelled to the reduced borders of Germany in what some consider as the largest scale of ethnic cleansing in history. The Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, Jerome Blum, "The Rise of Serfdom in Eastern Europe". Belarus is practically front and center in relation to the other nine Eastern European countries. The economies of this decade – similar to the previous one – show a moderate inflation. In some media, "Southeast Europe" can thus partially overlap with "Eastern Europe" of the Cold War Era. The majority of the constitutions determine the national currency, legal tender or monetary unit. The mainly Greek-speaking eastern provinces had formed the highly urbanized Hellenistic civilization. "Serfdom: Eastern Europe." They confiscated and redistributed farmland. In contrast, the western territories largely adopted the Latin language. Instead for the number of countries, namely Russia, New Zealand, Fiji, the United States, … Household and capital spending are set to rebound, partly supported by continued fiscal and monetary stimulus, while strengthening demand from the EU should bolster exports. UNESCO,[25] EuroVoc, National Geographic Society, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, and the STW Thesaurus for Economics place the Baltic states in Northern Europe, whereas the CIA World Factbook places the region in Eastern Europe with a strong assimilation to Northern Europe. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. Historically, Latvia has been under different rules including Swedish, Polish, Livonian, German, and Russian as well as forced incorporation into the Soviet Union just before the onset of World War II. Called the Slovak Republic in official terms, Slovakia is like many other Eastern European countries in that it is surrounded by land. The term "EU11 countries" refer the Central, Eastern and Baltic European member states that accessed in 2004 and after: in 2004 the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, and the Slovak Republic; in 2007 Bulgaria, Romania; and in 2013 Croatia. A great circle divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Of these, those in italics are classified as Central and Eastern Europe in this source.[24]. Under pressure from Stalin, these nations rejected grants from the American Marshall plan. Geographical Group Composition of world regions and sub-regions is based on the United Nations Statistical Division groupings, revised 20 Sept 2011. The country borders the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, and Mediterranean Sea, as well as eight nations namely Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. It is also home to Lake Tanganyika, the deepest lake in Africa and the second biggest by volume in the world. They took control of the Interior Ministries, which controlled the local police. [53] During the final stages of World War II the future of Eastern Europe was decided by the overwhelming power of the Soviet Red Army, as it swept the Germans aside. [1] A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".[2]. Instead, they participated in the Molotov Plan, which later evolved into the Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). And it is understandable: the geographical boundaries have constantly moved during centuries, the culture of the area is very eclectic, the ethnic groups are mixed, and the political frontiers are oscillating according to obscure diplomatic interests. A cleavage of this sort is, however, often problematic; for example, Greece is overwhelmingly Orthodox, but is very rarely included in "Eastern Europe", for a variety of reasons, the most prominent being that Greece's history, for the most part, was more influenced by Mediterranean cultures and contact. Poland's population is spread out across a total area of approximately 120,728 square miles. The capital of the Slovak Republic is Bratislava, which is a major city located in the westernmost part of Slovakia. The communists had a natural reservoir of popularity in that they had destroyed Hitler and the Nazi invaders. Eastern Europe is formed by countries with dominant Orthodox churches, like Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine for instance. [46] Greece's status as the cradle of Western civilization and an integral part of the Western world in the political, cultural and economic spheres has led to it being nearly always classified as belonging not to Eastern, but Southern or Western Europe. Tax revenues expose typically 15–19 % of the GDP, and rates above 20% only rarely can be found. The Republic of Latvia is a Baltic state bordering Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. During the Ostsiedlung, towns founded under Magdeburg rights became centers of economic development and scattered German settlements were founded all over Eastern Europe. Poland is an Eastern European country with a coastline that lies along the Baltic Sea. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Monazamet El Seha El Alamia Str, Extension of Abdel Razak El Sanhouri Street P.O. The fourth country with which the Czech Republic shares borders is Austria, a country that can be found to the south of Czechia. They participate in the European Union's Eastern Partnership program, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, and are members of the Council of Europe, which specifies that all three have political and cultural connections to Europe. That circle is referenced by two Meridians. Eastern Africa: Countries - Map Quiz Game: Eastern Africa is known for Lake Victoria and some of the world’s best coffee. To the north, the Czech Republic is bordered by Poland, while Germany is in the west, and Slovakia lies just east of the Czech Republic. Russia ended its participation in the First World War in March 1918 and lost territory, as the Baltic countries and Poland became independent. The schism is the break of communion and theology between what are now the Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic from the 11th century, as well as from the 16th century also Protestant) churches. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. It has also been described as a "fuzzy" term, as the idea itself of Eastern Europe is in constant redefinition. The early 19th century saw its decline, marked especially by the abolition of serfdom in Russia in 1861. There are approximately 1,957,200 Latvians within the country’s 24,938 square miles’ territory. The Caucasus nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia[27] are included in definitions or histories of Eastern Europe. Both Slovenia and Croatia gained independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991. Their goal was to guarantee long-term working-class solidarity.[55][56]. The new states included sizeable ethnic minorities, which were to be protected according to the League of Nations minority protection regime. This includes the Indian subcontinent (which is Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Nepal and sometimes Afghanistan), the Far East (which is China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, Malaysia, Mongolia, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea), Australasia (Australia, New Zealand). The contribution to cover the finances for common needs is declared, the principle of just tax burden-sharing is supplemented sometimes with special aspects. The division between these two spheres deepened during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages due to a number of events. 2. Wolchik, Sharon L. and Jane L. Curry, eds. While the eastern geographical boundaries of Europe are well defined, the boundary between Eastern and Western Europe is not geographical but historical, religious and cultural and is harder to designate. The average government debt in the countries is nearly 44%, but the deviation is great because the lowest figure is close to 10% but the highest is 97%. [12], There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". As a new phenomenon, a slight negative inflation (deflation) appeared in this decade in several countries (Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), which demonstrates sensitivity regarding international developments. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. Austria and Hungary had much-reduced boundaries. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.. All countries located to the east of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Eastern Hemisphere, while countries west of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Western Hemisphere. Spheres of influence between the Western world and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. E.g. That said, some groupings don't strictly adhere to divisions by continent. They are located in the transition zone of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. [4], Historians and social scientists generally view such definitions as outdated or relegated. Finally, they engaged in large-scale ethnic cleansing, moving ethnic minorities far away, often with high loss of life. But either way, Ukraine happens to be far larger than people think. Some Third World countries aligned themselves with either the US-led West or the Soviet-led Eastern bloc. The country’s capital is Prague. One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Greek, Byzantine, Slavic, Eastern Orthodox, and some Ottoman cultural influences. Bulgaria, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine are former Soviet Republics. In the German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany peacefully absorbed the German Democratic Republic in 1990. This time zone is often called Eastern Time Zone. Eastern Europe after 1945 usually meant all the European countries liberated and then occupied by the Soviet army. Ukraine is south of Belarus, and both Latvia and Lithuania can be found to the north of Belarus. About 5.5 million people call Slovakia their home, which is a slight increase in population size compared to the prior year -- 0.02% to be specific. This time zone is often called Eastern Time Zone. January 12, 2021 . in. [26] The Northern Future Forum, the Nordic Investment Bank, the Nordic Battlegroup, the Nordic-Baltic Eight and the New Hanseatic League are other examples of Northern European cooperation that includes the three countries collectively referred to as the Baltic states. The term Eastern Time (ET) is often used to denote the local time in areas observing either Eastern Standard Time (EST) or Eastern Daylight Time (EDT).. Eastern Standard Time is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).. Eastern Daylight Time is 4 hours behind UTC.. The Soviet secret police, the NKVD, working in collaboration with local communists, created secret police forces using leadership trained in Moscow. It resembled slavery in terms of lack of freedom, however the landowners could not buy and sell serfs, who are permanently attached to specific plots of land. Besides monetary policy, some of them even perform the supervision of the financial intermediary system. Unfortunately, several Eastern European countries are among the poorest countries in Europe: Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, and Bulgaria. Bratislava is so far west that it almost appears to sit outside of the Slovakian borders, but don't be fooled. Peter John, Local Governance in Western Europe, University of Manchester, 2001, V. Martynov, The End of East-West Division But Not the End of History, UN Chronicle, 2000 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [22] Another definition was used during the 40 years of Cold War between 1947 and 1989, and was more or less synonymous with the terms Eastern Bloc and Warsaw Pact. Eastern Standard Time (EST) is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The bulk of the nation sits in Anatolia. [2] [12] The solidification of the idea of a "Eastern Europe" dates back chiefly to the (French) Enlightenment. Winston Churchill, in his famous "Sinews of Peace" address of March 5, 1946, at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, stressed the geopolitical impact of the "iron curtain": From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. [20], The fall of the Iron Curtain brought the end of the Cold War east–west division in Europe,[21] but this geopolitical concept is sometimes still used for quick reference by the media. In total, the Eastern European area of the world accounts for seven countries and three republics, out of the global total number of countries that equates to 196. Maps on the Cold War East–west division . The list contains English and French country names as well as the local names of the countries. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an eastern world an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops zu finden. The region fell to Soviet control and Communist governments were imposed. Generally, they soon encountered the following problems: high inflation, high unemployment, low economic growth, and high government debt. Seclusion rooms were available in only five countries and were most commonly used in the UK. When NATO was created in 1949, most countries of Eastern Europe became members of the opposing Warsaw Pact, forming a geopolitical concept that became known as the Eastern Bloc. The list is dominated by African and Middle Eastern countries, though Europe and South America also make appearances. The Polish country is the place to go for a look at some of the most beautiful natural scenery you'll ever have the pleasure of seeing. ", Gorshkov, Boris B. These differences can be noted for the most part in people’s behavior and attitudes. By contrast, the Eastern Roman Empire (mostly labelled as the Byzantine Empire by subsequent historians) managed to survive and even to thrive for another 1,000 years. Situated in, toward, or facing the east. By 2000 these economies were stabilized, and between 2004 and 2013 all of them joined the European Union. The number of people living in Belarus is far lower than the country's total area, meaning that the population density of Belarus is rather small. As a country predominantly comprised of mountainous regions, Slovakia is a prime place to spend your winters, especially if you love cold weather and all sorts of snow-related sports. The Ural Mountains, Ural River, and the Caucasus Mountains are the geographical land border of the eastern edge of Europe. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Eastern countries" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the political landscape of the Eastern Bloc, and indeed the world, changed. The population of Belarus is an estimated 9.5 million people. The aim is for leaders of the 27-nation EU, which is the world's third-biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, to endorse the new goal at a summit on Dec. 10-11. They are members of the Nordic-Baltic Eight regional cooperation forum whereas Central European countries formed their own alliance called the Visegrád Group. Involuntary medication was the most frequent (used in seven countries) but was not found in the UK, Germany and Greece. The East Central Europe subregion consists of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia and Slovakia. Home > Countries > Central & Eastern Europe . This period is also called the east-central European golden age of around 1600. All countries which are Members of the United Nations may become members of WHO by accepting its Constitution. As the Roman domain expanded, a cultural and linguistic division appeared. As soon as the Red Army had expelled the Germans, this new secret police arrived to arrest political enemies according to prepared lists. By the end, your geography trivia knowledge will be unquestioned! And it is understandable: the geographical boundaries have constantly moved during centuries, the culture of the area is very eclectic, the ethnic groups are mixed, and the political frontiers are oscillating according to obscure … In the case of a price stability function, the inflation rate, in the examined area, relatively quickly dropped to below 5% by 2000. East and West may have myriad differences based on culture and education. ", Publications Office of the European Union, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations, Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance), List of political parties in Eastern Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, "United Nations Statistics Division- Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)-Geographic Regions", "Regions, Regionalism, Eastern Europe by Steven Cassedy", "Population Division, DESA, United Nations: World Population Ageing 1950-2050", "The concept of "Eastern Europe" in past and present",,,, "Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land", "Vodič kroz svet Vizantije (Guide to the Byzantine World)", "United Nations Regional Eastern European Group", "A List of Countries That Make up the Balkan Peninsula", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", Energy Statistics for the U.S. Government, "Borders in Central Europe: From Conflict to Cooperation", "Macroeconomic Legal Trends in the EU11 Countries",, Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, Interview with historian Larry Wolff on "Inventing Eastern Europe", Emerging Europe - A new narrative for the region, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests,, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Donert, Celia, Emily Greble, and Jessica Wardhaugh.

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