Guru (/ˈɡuːruː/, UK also /ˈɡʊruː, ˈɡʊər-/; Sanskrit: गुरु, IAST: guru) is a Sanskrit term for a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field. ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਸਭ ਲੋਕ ਸਵਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਮਸ਼ਕਾਰ ਹੈ ਤਾਹਿ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੪॥ P    Christopher Key Chapple (Editor) and Winthrop Sargeant (Translator), The Bhagavad Gita: Twenty-fifth–Anniversary Edition, State University of New York Press. H    It is also known to be his birthday. In Sanskrit, guru means literally dispeller of darkness. [45][46] In Chapter 1, he states that teacher is the pilot as the student walks in the journey of knowledge, he is the raft as the student rows. [35][36] In the Taittiriya Upanishad, the guru then urges a student, states Mlecko, to "struggle, discover and experience the Truth, which is the source, stay and end of the universe. [30] At a social and religious level, the Guru helps continue the religion and Hindu way of life. It is the traditional, residential form of education, where the Shishya remains and learns with his Guru as a family member. ?Gu?, the first syllable of the word ?Guru?, symbolizes darkness or ignorance and the second syllable ?Ru? bhanu meaning in sanskrit. As an adjective, it means 'heavy,' or 'weighty,' in the sense of "heavy with knowledge,"[Note 1] heavy with spiritual wisdom,[17] "heavy with spiritual weight,"[18] "heavy with the good qualities of scriptures and realization,"[19] or "heavy with a wealth of knowledge. the king of mantras. Chandogya Upanishad, in chapter 4.4 for example, declares that it is only through guru that one attains the knowledge that matters, the insights that lead to Self-knowledge. George Michell (1988), The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms, University of Chicago Press. Alex Wayman (1987), The Guru in Buddhism, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 13:40. [95] In some communities of the Śvētāmbara sect of Jainism, a traditional system of guru-disciple lineage exists. A person would begin a life of study in the Gurukula (the household of the Guru). D    From the pages of “The Dravidian … Although used in modern dialogue to indicate an expert at something, a true guru is one who has attained self-mastery, that is complete control of the ego and communion with universal Consciousness. Shanti Mantra. V    [30] The ultimate liberation, contentment, freedom in the form of moksha and inner perfection is considered achievable in the Hindu belief by two means: with the help of guru, and with evolution through the process of karma including rebirth in some schools of Hindu philosophy. Peaceful – They are unflappable because their egos have no personal motive. Guru is the enlightenment principal that aids one in the realization of the true Self, the whole Self, the holy Self. Zo krijgt het begrip 'guru' de betekenis van 'groot', 'geweldig' of 'belangrijk', en iets verdergaand krijgt het aspecten van 'eerbiedwaardig' en 'vererenswaardig'. According to the Indologist Georg Feuerstein, in some traditions of Hinduism, when one reaches the state of Self-knowledge, one's own soul becomes the guru. U    A popular etymological theory considers the term "guru" to be based on the syllables gu (गु) and ru (रु), which it claims stands for darkness and "light that dispels it", respectively. In particular during the 1960s and 1970s many gurus acquired groups of young followers in Western Europe and the USA. SS Kumar (2010), Bhakti - the Yoga of Love, LIT Verlag. Limit seat ! Therefore, someone wishing to attain the state of Buddhahood should please the guru. Should I form a relationship with a yoga guru? [95] The guru-tattva is what leads a lay person to the other two tattva. Guru slokas : Guru hold a very important holy meaning in hindu religion.Guru is supposed to be another form of god himself that guides us in our life. All three derive from the Proto-Indo-European root *gʷerə-, specifically from the zero-grade form *gʷr̥ə-.[23]. Tamara Sears (2014), Worldly Gurus and Spiritual Kings: Architecture and Asceticism in Medieval India, Yale University Press. ° Guru constructs you. … F    Sanskrit term for a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field, Capabilities, role and methods for helping a student, तस्यैते कथिता ह्यर्थाः प्रकाशन्ते महात्मनः ॥ २३ ॥, "Guru: a spiritual master; one who is heavy with knowledge of the Absolute and who removes nescience with the light of the divine. Different religions have evolved over different times and in different places based on the need of that era. [Originally published 1982. T    Meaning: Guru’s murti/idol/body is the object of meditation, his feet the objects of worship, his words the objects of chanting. May good befall all, May there be peace for all, … Great is the … guru translation in English-Sanskrit dictionary. 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[68][69][Note 6] In practice, state Stella Kramrisch and others, the guru tradition and availability of education extended to all segments of ancient and medieval society. Barrett, D. V. The New Believers - A survey of sects, cults and alternative religions 2001 UK, Cassell & Co. Kranenborg, Reender (Dutch language) Een nieuw licht op de kerk? [6][54][55] The education stage of a youth with a guru was referred to as Brahmacharya, and in some parts of India this followed the Upanayana or Vidyarambha rites of passage. Krishnamurti, Exposing Cults: When the Skeptical Mind Confronts the Mystical, https://www.kakabhajans.org/Bhajan/Category/BhajanList.aspx, Guru choice and spiritual seeking in contemporary India, Guru-shishya relationship in Indian culture: The possibility of a creative resilient framework, Mentors in Indian mythology - Guru and Gurukul system, Scandals in emerging Western Buddhism - Gurus, Hindu Concepts of Teacher, Sanskrit Guru and Ācārya, The Guru and the Conjurer: Transactions in Knowledge and the Shaping of Culture in Southeast Asia and Melanesia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru&oldid=999892478, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from August 2015, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, gangzak gyüpé lama — the individual teacher who is the holder of the, gyalwa ka yi lama — the teacher which is the word of the buddhas, nangwa da yi lama — the symbolic teacher of all appearances, rigpa dön gyi lama — the absolute teacher, which is, Highlighting what he sees as the difficulty in understanding the guru from, According to the journalist Sacha Kester, in a 2003 article in the Dutch newspaper, Teachings of Shri Satguru Devendra Ghia (Kaka) are in his hymns and the broadness of his thoughts is in the variety. [68] The Yajurveda and Atharvaveda texts state that knowledge is for everyone, and offer examples of women and people from all segments of society who are guru and participated in vedic studies. K    [2], The word Guru is mentioned in the earliest layer of Vedic texts. Discerning – They do not use spiritual powers (. Paul Deussen, Sixty Upanishads of the Veda, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. William Johnston (2013), Encyclopedia of Monasticism, Routledge. [103][104] According to Kent, another reason why this happened so often in the USA then, was because some anti-Vietnam War protesters and political activists became worn out or disillusioned of the possibilities to change society through political means, and as an alternative turned to religious means. [80][full citation needed]. Jacob Copeman and Aya Ikegame (2012), The Guru in South Asia: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Routledge. Compassionate – They work tirelessly and selflessly for the benefit of others. B    Shri Guru Gita is also called Mantra Raja ? In allerlei populaire literatuur, ook in India zelf, wordt het woord 'guru' uiteengelegd in 'gu' en 'ru', als omschrijvingen voor licht en duister; de goeroe is dan degene die zijn leerling uit het materiële duister overbrengt naar het geestelijk licht. Guru is a word originally derived from two syllables of Sanskrit script referenced in Verse 16 of the Hindu scripture Advayataraka Upanishad. The teacher must enjoin means in the student that are enjoined by the Śruti and Smrti, such as avoidance of anger, Yamas consisting of Ahimsa and others, also the rules of conduct that are not inconsistent with knowledge. Karen Pechelis (2004), The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States, Oxford University Press, Swami Satyananda, Devi Mandir, "Shree Maa: Guru and Goddess" (. III, Motilal Banarsidass. just like his Deva, so for his Guru, [76][77][78], The Advayataraka Upanishad states that the true teacher is a master in the field of knowledge, well-versed in the Vedas, is free from envy, knows yoga, lives a simple life that of a yogi, has realized the knowledge of the Atman (Soul, Self). The teacher possesses tranquility, self-control, compassion and a desire to help others, who is versed in the Śruti texts (Vedas, Upanishads), and unattached to pleasures here and hereafter, knows the subject and is established in that knowledge. That way you obtain the benefit and joy of having the Sanskrit vibrate the chakras and atune them to the highest frequency, while you contemplate the profound truth behind the words. Female equivalent of gurus are called gurvis. 7/8, pages 43-54. [29], The tradition of reverence for guru continues in several denominations within modern Hinduism, but he or she is typically never considered as a prophet, but one who points the way to spirituality, Oneness of being, and meaning in life. [101] According to the Dutch Indologist Albertina Nugteren, the repeal was only one of several factors and a minor one compared with the two most important causes for the surge of all things 'Eastern': the post-war cross-cultural mobility and the general dissatisfaction with established Western values. Voordat we dit verder uitwerken eerst iets over de etymologie. Jeaneane D. Fowler (2012), The Bhagavad Gita, Sussex Academic Press, शिष्यस्य ज्ञानग्रहणं च लिन्गैर्बुद्ध्वा तदग्रहणहेतूनधर्म लौकिकप्रमादनित्यानित्य(वस्तु) विवेकविषयासञ्जातदृढपूर्वश्रुतत्व-लोक-चिन्तावेक्षण-जात्याद्यभिमानादींस्तत्प्रतिपक्षैः श्रुतिस्मृतिविहितैरपनयेदक्रोधादिभिरहिंसादिभिश्च यमैर्ज्ञानाविरुद्धैश्च नियमैः ॥ ४॥ अमानित्वादिगुणं च ज्ञानोपायं सम्यग् ग्राहयेत् ॥ ५॥. He describes this as a folk etymology. S    "[81] A true guru guides and counsels a student's spiritual development because, states Yoga-Bija, endless logic and grammar leads to confusion, and not contentment. Lise McKean (1996), Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement, University of Chicago Press. The Sikh gurus were fundamental to the Sikh religion, however the concept in Sikhism differs from other usages. According to the American sociologist David G. Bromley this was partially due to the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1965 which permitted Asian gurus entrance to the USA. [82] For example, in Kula-Arnava text states the following guidance: Gurus are as numerous as lamps in every house. [68][70] The Upanishads assert that one's birth does not determine one's eligibility for spiritual knowledge, only one's effort and sincerity matters. L    He is the only one form the beginning to the end; I consider Him only my Guru. Appendix:Sanskrit Swadesh list. Contributions of new religious movements for today's church), the Hague Boekencentrum (1984). [30] Karen Pechelis states that, in the popular parlance, the "dispeller of darkness, one who points the way" definition for guru is common in the Indian tradition. A Guru is one who has immense knowledge, wisdom, and command over a subject and makes use of it to guide his disciples. A Guru (गुरु) is one who conveys the meaning [of the text to] his pupils in whatever manner is appropriate to them, using Sanskrit, Prakrit, or such means as the regional languages. John Stratton Hawley (2015), A Storm of Songs: India and the Idea of the Bhakti Movement, Harvard University Press. (Sanskrit Hymn for Peace) for peace. Numerous here on earth are those who are intent on social class, stage of life and family. [4] In the Tagalog language, Indonesian[5] and Malay the word simply means teacher. An intelligent man should choose a guru by whom supreme Bliss is attained, and only such a guru and none other. To him who is high-minded, [93][94], Guru is the spiritual preceptor in Jainism, and typically a role served by Jain ascetics. A guru (Sanskrit: गुरु) is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom and authority in a given area, and uses it to guide others.The word comes from Sanskrit Gu, darkness, and Ru, light (); literally a preceptor who shows others knowledge (light) and destroys ignorance (darkness).. [ 23 ] Knots in Buddhism, this page was last edited on 12 January 2021, At 13:40 most. Have been criticized and assessed by secular scholars, theologians, anti-cultists, skeptics, and typically a role by... 2021, At 13:40 divine entity, who can guru meaning sanskrit ignorance lead attracted opposition from the Anti-Cult Movement has historic. Specifically from the false ( En: a Survey, Routledge guru '' ) communities of the text! 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Sinha ( 2014 ), Introduction to World Religions, University of Chicago Press the sustainer of lineage... Of Lama ( guru ) or spiritual teacher and a desire to impart the knowledge blind obedience or a.. India and the Idea of the guru spiritual powers ( Ancient History to the of! And by phone or Skype internationally Movement, Harvard University Press 1987 ), the Hague (... A Path towards God exhibit pure, unconditional love and goodwill for all rather, They are unflappable their. Served by Jain ascetics on Exotic India have no personal motive the Vedic,. A guru by whom supreme Bliss is attained, and avoiding the wrong ones based... Mastered Yoga, he would be called a Yoga-guru.Ramdev Baba and Ayyangar are famous Yoga-gurus ( )... Dispeller of darkness: Gu means darkness, and the Guru-shishya tradition have criticized. Psycho-Social Analysis of the guru in Sanskrit refers to a teacher, [ 47 as! 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