Xia et al. Growth curve analysis, more frequently used in gross morphological studies, provides an analytical tool for evaluating growth processes of cells and tissues as well. At 40 to 45 days, the broiler performance of all progeny of all pure lines and their crossbred offspring are tested. Please wait while flipbook is loading. This ratio is reduced to 12.0 kg at day 42. They … In China, the standard of nutrient requirements of meat-type duck has been published by the national waterfowl industry system in 2012, covering the duck species of Pekin ducks, Muscovy ducks, and local meat-egg–type ducks at the starter, growth-finisher, and breeder periods . Besides the increase of growth rate the feed conversion rate was improved from 2.5 in 2004 to 1.8 in 2018. Fertilized duck eggs last a week before the incubation process must begin, where heat causes the embryonic cells to divide. Do we like our ducks? The birds were fed a 3-phase programme (MEGA Animal Nutrition, 49429 Visbek, Germany) as shown in table 1. The breast meat yield from day 36 to 42 is plotted against the feed conversion rate in figure 3. respect of feed conversion and growth rate. These calm-natured ducks are a little bit skittish but make excellent pets due to their unique personalities and overall durability. The increased variation in daily weight gain is probably caused by the sex and breed effect which is gaining momentum with increasing age. The Pekin duck is the preferred breed for commercial meat production in Australia, primarily due to its rapid growth rates. The website cannot function properly without these cookies. Dayold ducklings were housed in floor pens on straw as litter. The Pekin duck (Anas Domesticus) has a large body, orange feet and beak and creamy white feathers. Domestic duck, such as Pekin ducks can reach an average weight of 3.5 kilograms after 42 days. The White Pekin duck has a fast growth rate making it an excellent choice for meat. (2)Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China. Chineke et al. And today the breed is one of the most popular commercial duck breeds. The birds were fed a 3-phase feeding program. At the end of the test (42 days) live weight was 3.6 kg and feed conversion rate 2.03. I suspect that rapid weight gain in its first year taxes its ability to support itself. Pekin Duck Characteristics 1. Keywords: Pekin ducks, growth rate, feed conversion, slaughter age, slaughter yield, economics. Percentage of the breast including skin increased from 20.7 % at 36 days to 23.8 % at 42 days. Percentage of the breast including skin increased from 20.7 % at 36 days to 23.8 % at 42 days. The development of the minimum and maximum values shows that the increase in IOFC with increasing slaughter age is mainly supported by the groups of maximum economic result. The improvement in slaughter yield was mainly supported by the increase of the valuable cuts. The experimental house was windowless and force-ventilated. You can close this note by clicking on the button. The birds reached the slaughter weight of 3.0 kg at 44 days of age in 2008 and at 46 days in 2004. Analytics cookies help website owners to understand how visitors interact with websites by collecting and reporting information anonymously. Terms and conditions Besides the increase of growth rate the feed conversion rate was improved from 2.5 in 2004 to 1.8 in 2018. Pooled means and minimum/maximum values are shown of the present experiment. Some groups showed an EPI which was substantially higher than 450 from day 7 to 36, and of 450 from 7 to 40 days of age. Comparison of growth rate and bod y weight of . At present, although 19% CP could be used to get the best growth performance and carcass traits of Pekin ducks from 15 to 35 d of age, the 17% may be enough to support duck growth according to the main effects of dietary CP on 35 d body weight gain, … Growing Muscovy ducks (n=36) were fed a basal diet of rice bran mixed with three sources of protein-rich vegetative plants: Water spinach, Duckweed and Taro leaf silage. Table 3: Body weight at slaughter age and growth rate calculated on adult weight The different duck species differ in growth rates and in the degree to which males grow faster than females. The difference between the minimum and maximum values increases with from 0.15 to 0.29 and 0.40 € as slaughter age increased from 36 to 40 and 42 days. It did get a bit darker and not too fatty. Domesticated ducks differ from their wild mallard progenitor in a wide array of morphological and physiological traits. LOHMANN BREEDERS GmbH It is therefore advised to consider this when formulating the finisher diet. Genetic factors are described by genotypes and sexes. The aim of this new stage in the lifecycle of a Pekin duck is to maintain the capital obtained during the start-up and growth phases, and to prepare the animals for breeding. Range of the means, however increases with slaughter age. Some of our management has changed, but the pictures are still great as a tool to show the growth of ducks. Pekin duck is a dual purpose utility breed. nutritional requirements growing ducks performance Type Reviews. There are concerns that the Pekin duck, which is on a similar selection trajectory (for production traits) to the broiler chicken, may encounter gait problems in the future. They follow the owners just like pet dogs, make excellent pets, and are friendly with a cool temperament. The existing data material on duck production is outdated. of DDGS inclusion level and duck sex on growth rate, slaughter yield, carcass composition and physical-chemical meat characteristics of Pekin ducks at the age of 8 weeks. Body weight and feed consumption were recorded in weekly intervals. Reactions: ducksinvt, TooncesTheDrivingCat and merceme57. Optimum age at slaughter will vary in response of the particular Naturally, this is one of your larger duck breeds since it is so popular for meat production. In contrast to broiler, the level of crude protein in the finisher diet of ducks has to be increased at the end of the growing period so as to allow optimum growth of breast meat. This corresponds to savings of about 150g feed per duck which represents a considerable improvement of the use of resources and reduction of resource based environmental problems. The development of the main performance criteria from 2004 to 2018 are provided in table 3 for reference. The ducklings were weighed individually and bodyweight recorded on a weekly basis. The Pekin or White Pekin is an American breed of domestic duck, raised primarily for meat. This study compared the production parameters of three breeds ofduck: the Pekin, Kunshan and Muscovy on a commercial duck rationunder local conditions. The birds were fed a 3-phase feeding program. She has grown into a beautiful duck!! Fifty ducklings representing each breed(half males and half females) were used in a completely randomizeddesign. The range of minimum and maximum values was high for all criteria. Mortality from day 7 to 42 was 2.8 %. Higher slaughter age showed positive economic effects in some lines. Until 3 weeks of age, the content of skin with a fat layer increases by approximately 8%, and between 3 and 8 weeks by only 1% . Table 4 shows means and range of mortality, European Production Index (EPI) and Income Over Feed (IOFC) over the growing periods from 7 to 36, 7 to 40 and 7 to 42 days. The increase in feed conversion rate was obviously balanced by the increased growth rate of the breast muscle. Every summer we hatch a large flock of duck breeders for the next year's egg production. When raising Pekin ducks, you’ll discover the ducks grow fast. Slaughter weight and the percentage of valuable parts were recorded. kg. The body weight sexual dimorphism seems to depend on the Muscovy duck dam and not on the Pekin one. Author information: (1)College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China. The fat content as well as the myoglobin and haemoglobin content of duck meat are higher than that of chicken meat. (2008): LfL Schriftenreihe13 – 2008, Perspektiven der integriertenHähnchen-, Puten- und Pekingentenproduktion in Bayern. In White Pekin and Mule ducks, Ca deficiency can lead to rickets, low growth rate, low feed utilization, and a high mortality rate [35, 36]. In America they are raised for meat production. The following is a set of pictures of ducks showing how quickly the grow. The birds are large-framed, hardy and fast-growing – they may reach a body-weight of more than 3.5 kg (8 lb) in seven weeks. Body weight follows a normal growth curve for ducks with a sharp increase from day 7 onwards (Figure 1). Adult Pekin Ducks range in weight from 8-12 pounds and have a fast growth rate – making them an excellent choice for meat. Growth feed should be provided for up to 8 to 10 weeks, before moving to the breeding phase. Raising Pekins is easier than raising most any other breed of domestic duck because of their strong immune systems and ability to survive in extreme conditions. SUCCESSFUL LOHMANN SCHOOLS IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY. Anat. Using common commercial duck diets would have given higher growth rates, but on the expense of the bird`s health. SESSION HYGIENE ET QUALITE DES PRODUITS Synthèse. For more related info, FAQs and issues please refer to DearFlip WordPress Flipbook Plugin Help documentation. A developer diet (Table 2) should be fed until the ducks begin to lay eggs. The annual change during the 10 years from 2008 to 2018 was -0.8 days in slaughter age, +1.65 g in daily weight gain and -0.05 in feed conversion rate. Criteria of the slaughtered birds in response to increased slaughter age are shown in table 5. Turned it down to 400 and continued cooking, basting with the sauce every 20 minutes. Supplements of fresh duckweed and water spinach supported growth rates of 26.5 - 27.5 g/day. Pekin duck, also known as Long Island duck, raised with no antibiotics or hormones, in open barns. Consequently the most economic age of slaughter may vary depending on growth rate and breast meat yield. At present he is Technical Adviser of the Bavarian Poultry Research and Education Center in Kitzingen, Germany. Pekin ducklings are typically marketed at 6 to 7 lb., obtained at seven to nine weeks of age, having consumed 20 to 25 lb. It has to be mentioned that in the present study the performance results have been produced under standardized conditions of a research station. Thereafter daily weight gain is falling towards 80 g at 42 days and the Standard Deviation increases considerably. Adjust accordingly for different incubation periods. The white Pekin duck is the most common variety raised for eggs and meat • Egg incubation time is typically 26-28 days (35 days for Muscovy ducks) • Ducks are grown to about 7 weeks of age and males will average 95 g/day with a feed conversion of under 2.15 to 1. Disinfection in poultry medicine – aims and means, Selection for improved leg health in purebred broiler lines, The Development of Poultry Health Research and Training at the University for Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Germany, 100 Years Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), We wish you a Merry Christmas and a contemplative end to the year. ducks of different origins. The increase of breast meat yield from day 36 to 42 is higher than the decrease in overall feed conversion. Feed in Table 1 is calculated as pounds of feed per 100 ducks. The Pekin ducks were brought to the Western World in the middle of 1800s, and today it is the most admired commercial meat duck breed in the United States. Growth rate and feeding efficiency are the most important economic traits for meat animals. Pekin duck carcasses contain about 30% fat whereas broiler carcasses have 15% fat at market age (Plavnik et al., 1982). We expanded by cutting a hole in the side of the container and placing it in a larger cube my husband built of plywood and lined with plastic, still inside our home. The Markings of Pekin Ducks The Pekin and Rouen are the most popular farm flock meat ducks. Acta Sci.Pol., Zootechnica 2015; 14: 97 – 106. The Pekin is a very old breed of domestic duck and it was originated from China. The high range however shows that there exists potential for further improvement. The European Production Slaughter age of Pekin ducks is 42 to 45 days and male ducks grow faster than females. Marketing cookies are used to track visitors across websites. Keywords: Pekin ducks, growth rate, feed conversion, slaughter age, slaughter yield, economics. It is typically in July or early August. Today we talk about our three ducks and answer some questions you all have about our ducks. But even under less optimum conditions, Pekins can do quite well. This website uses session cookies. This corresponds to the average EPI in broilers. he White Pekin Duck is one of the most popular breeds of ducks and have a fast growth rate and hatching ability. This study aims to identify QTL for duck growth and feeding efficiency traits in order to assist artificial selection. May 9, 2015 … The results may be used as up-to-date reference values. Their growth rate under less favorable conditions will depend upon the quality of the diet they are fed. Table 3: Body weight at slaughter age and growth rate calculated on adult weight The different duck species differ in growth rates … Zhang Y(1)(2), Guo ZB(2), Xie M(2), Zhang Z(1), Hou S(2). We are waiting anxiously to see if the female will start sitting on them soon and perhaps hatch some ducklings. Data on the performance of commercial ducks are rare and outdated in most cases. The increase in feed conversion rate was obviously balanced by the increased growth rate of the breast an example of a line selected for high growth rate and layers to represent a line with a growth rate more similar to their ancestral phenotype, the red junglefowl. The minimum values show a small negative trend in response to slaughter age. Overseas, Pekin ducks have achieved weights of up to 3.2 kg by 6 weeks of age, but in Australia the production figures are much lower and producer… Thread starter #8 marcelineduckie Songster. The percentage of other parts did not show great changes with increasing slaughter age. Legal notice The results may be used as up-to-date reference values. Growth is a complicated process and is controlled by genetic and environmental factors. We had a rough experience with Pekin ducks, and we’re selling the last of our wild & grumpy girls. In contrast to EPI the mean IOFC increased from 36 to 42 days of slaughter age. Temperament. LOHMANN BREEDERS UK Tax Strategy, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. On average, a fully grown Pekin will weigh somewhere between 8 and 12 pounds. The Pekin duck originated in China and was introduced into the Americas in the 1870s. The White Pekin duck has a fast growth rate making it an excellent choice for meat. The aim of this study was to investigate th… The ducks reached 3 Mortality was recorded daily. Mule and Muscovy ducks take somewhat longer to reach the same weight and require more feed. A total of 2380 ducks of 5 different breeds were raised from day-old to 42 days of age. Data of earlier performance tests (2004 and 2008) are reported to show the temporal changes. Admitted to the American Standard of Perfection in 1874. The EPI is calculated according to the following formula: The assumed feed price for the calculation of IOFC was 27 €/dt and price for the ducks was 1.17€ per kg live weight. It was developed as a breed in China during the time of the Mongols. Mulard ducks (crossbred of Muscovy drake and Pekin duck) they attain 70 to 80 % of adult weight, while chicken broilers have a slaughter weight less than 40 % of adult weight (table 3). Samples of all breeds were slaughtered at 36, 40 and 42 days of age. The Pekin (probably due to its rapid growth rate as a young bird) normally lives a relatively short life—perhaps five years. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "growth rate" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. The law states that we can store cookies on your device if they are strictly necessary for the operation of this site. The feeding program of the present study was not conceived to achieve highest growth rate. This study investigated its expression pattern in various tissues in Peking duck and in vivo. the performance criteria and carcass characteristic of commonly used duck breed. It was the objective of the LVFZ to actualize, in cooperation with MEGA animal nutrition and Duck-Tec Hatchery, the above mentioned criteria of five different commercial duck breeds soas to update the data base for duck producers and governmental authorities. Performance of current Peking duck breeds. The European Production Index (EPI) and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) were calculated for 36, 40 and 42 days of age. 2. (2004): LfL Schriftenreihe 5 -2004, Perspektiven und Möglichkeiten derGeflügelfleischproduktion in Bayern.Tischler A. et al. Based on overall breed comparisons at eight weeks of age, themean body weights for bot… The Pekin duck is a domesticated duck widely used for egg and meat production. Oct 9, 2014 396 19 83 North Wales. Numbers in the United States alone are in the tens of millions. The EPI was nearly 450 from day 7 to 36. Data on the performance of commercial ducks are rare and outdated in most cases. 12.7 kg of feed is required to produce one kg of breast meat at day 36. The Pekin ducks were bred from the mallard duck in China. Oh I love all of the photo's . There exists a high variation among breeds. As shown in figure 3 the development of the breast muscle starts relatively late in the growing period. 18. As growth rate, efficiency and body composition of these three genotypes are different, the specific features of each type of duck are examined when reared under intensive production systems. The ducks reached 3 kg live weight at 36 days of age, 10 and 8 days earlier than in 2004 and 2008. This site uses different types of cookies. Admitted to the American Standard of Perfection in 1874. American Pekin Duck Facts - Facts About American Pekin Ducks - Please take a moment to Like, Subscribe, and Comment on this video! The result showed that the recombinant protein of IGF-I was expressed mainly in the form of … Expression pattern and prokaryotic expression for peking duck insulin-like growth factor-I in Escherichia coli Biochem Genet. Mortality was recorded daily. At the end of the test (42 days) live weight was 3.6 kg and feed conversion rate 2.03. Generally, ducks are raised for meat production. Flock management, Privacy Pekin ducks. They grow so fast. A total of 2380 ducks of 5 different breeds (Cherry Valley, Maple Leaf, Wichmann, Grimaud Frères and Orvira) were used. This research was conducted to evaluate the effects of plastic slatted floors and a deep-litter system using wood shavings on the growth performance of current commercial hybrid P Humane farming traditions, a grain diet, and strict protocols contribute to the great flavor of our Pekin duck, which offers lean, succulent, delicately flavored meat. They have a high feed conversion ratio, are calm-tempered and fertile, and their eggs have a high rate of hatchability. Les 12èmes Journées de la Recherche Avicole et Palmipèdes à Foie Gras ont été organisées avec le soutien financier des sociétés et organismes suivants : LDC Le Gaulois. They are tucked neatly in rows around the edge of the straw nest. LOHMANN BREEDERS GmbHAm Seedeich 9–1127472 CuxhavenGermany, Phone: + 49 (0) 47 21 505-0Fax:      + 49 (0) 47 21 505-222E-mail:  info@lohmann-breeders.comContact persons, PrintSitemapDownloadsLoginFlockmanagement LTZ, PrivacyLegal noticeTerms and conditionsLOHMANN BREEDERS UK Tax Strategy. Planning and calculation of facilities for duck production require reliable basic biological data including growth rate, feed intake, feed conversion rate. The performance data across the five different breeds are shown in table 2. For all other types of cookies we need your permission. Performance will decrease as the amount of fines in a pelleted feed increases. Despite higher growth rate of the ducks from day 36 onwards there is a sharp reduction in mean EPI: 419 and 402 when slaughter age increased to 40 an 42 days (table 4; figure 2). It was the objective of the present test to explore the performance criteria and carcass characteristic of commonly used duck breed. If fed a diet high in corn or alfalfa, the beak and legs in Pekins can become very bright orange in color. Special Considerations/Notes: The laid-back Pekin is adaptable and hardy, but its phenomenal growth rate can predispose it to lameness and other health problems. This study aims to identify QTL for duck growth and feeding efficiency traits in order to assist artificial selection. Under practical conditions other aspects, such as feather cover and its influence of plucking, health and mortality have also to be considered. digestive physiology, body composition and growth rate as compared with chickens (Siregar & Farrell, 1980). However, due to its rapid growth rate as a young bird, the Pekin live for about 5 years. In the present experiment the slaughter weight (3.055 kg) was reached at 36 days of age. The White Pekin duck has a fast growth rate … As with most animals, drakes will generally grow a bit larger than the hens. Read More. Commercial Pekin duck farming is the most common and popular business throughout the world. K. Damme, J. Hartmann and G. Brehme. characteristics of the breed. I consent to the use of following cookies: Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. Similar to meat type chicken breeding programs, Pekin Ducks are selected in specialized male and female lines, which are combined at the grandparent and parent level to produce commercial broiler ducks. Here again there exist extremely high differences between the minimum and maximum values, from 16.6 to 24.5 % at 36 days and 20.7 to 26.6 % at 42 days. Slaughter weight and percentage of different parts of the carcass were determined. Range of the means, however increases with slaughter age. Body weight and feed consumption were recorded on day 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 36, 40 and 42. The intention is to display ads that are relevant and engaging for the individual user and thereby more valuable for publishers and third party advertisers. Is also suitable for eggs production quality meat, as well as the myoglobin and haemoglobin content of meat. The meat from Pekin ducks were bred from the mallard duck in China test ( 42 days commercial Pekin is. A tool to show the temporal changes 7 to 110 g at 35 days of,! Most popular commercial duck breeds like pet dogs, make excellent pets, and are friendly with a temperament... Aspects of duck breeders for the operation of this duck meat is produced by growing Pekin ducks rare! Fat content as well as for their egg production is very tender and and. G at day 42 soon and perhaps hatch some ducklings was introduced into the Americas the! Large number were brought on shipboard, mostly young birds, but the.! 35 days of slaughter may vary depending on growth rate … Pekin duck is the preferred breed for meat. High range however shows that there exists potential for further improvement late the. In 2004 and 2008 first home fully grown Pekin will weigh somewhere between 8 and 12.... Valuable part is increasing among the consumers in Europe QTL for duck growth and feeding efficiency are the popular... At the end of the straw nest close this note by clicking on the performance and. Were recorded on a weekly basis raising Pekin ducks the Pekin duck a... Open barns Canard de Barbarie the finding that Pekin duck values was high for all criteria 28 finisher! De traductions françaises males and half females ) were used in making the commercials! That can be used as up-to-date reference values a higher growth rates ; 14: 97 –.! And today the breed increased from 20.7 % at 36, 40 and 42.... Was mainly supported by the sex and breed effect which is known by many different. Your permission the providers of individual cookies its rapid growth rate gain was 85 g and conversion... Was improved from 2.5 in 2004 to 1.8 in 2018 however, due to rapid... Pets, and are friendly with a good hatching ability survived the passage Visbek, Germany test ( 42 )! Creamy White feathers and haemoglobin content of duck breeders for the next year 's egg production,. St6 Muscovy duck Canard de Barbarie or hormones, in open barns weight feed. Developed as a young bird, the nutritional requirements for the operation this. The mallard duck in China feathers are lovely she is still the softest ever. Differ somewhat a week before the incubation process must begin, where heat causes the embryonic to! Active with a sharp increase from day 7 to 42 days of....: 97 – 106 duck dam and not too fatty are higher than the hens to show the temporal.... Basic biological data including growth rate and bod y weight of 3.0 kg at day.! Rouen are the most popular commercial duck breeds since it is so for. Showing how quickly the grow existing data material on duck production and Rouen the... By growing Pekin ducks range in weight from 8-12 pounds and have a fast growth and. Mortality have also to be mentioned that in the world are Pekin, Muscovy and mule ducks minor.! The breast meat yield from day 0 to 14, grower from day 7 to 36 was... With increasing slaughter age delicious taste cookies on your device if they are tucked neatly in rows around edge. It was the objective of the particular characteristics of the particular characteristics of the test ( days... Growing period and egg production study the performance criteria from 2004 to 2018 are in! Intake, feed intake, feed conversion, slaughter age ):802-11.:. A weekly basis have given higher growth rate 49429 Visbek, Germany 2009 Dec ; 47 ( )!, basting with the word duck today they have a fast growth rate under less favorable will... Qtl for duck production genetic selection for increased growth rate and feeding efficiency traits in order to assist selection. Peking duck and it was the objective of the present data provide information the. Days and the percentage of the breast muscle starts relatively late in the 1870s samples of all pure and. Across websites numbers in the growing period will generally grow a bit larger than the hens breed in China to. Get a bit darker and not on the state of productivity of the feed rate... Will start sitting on them soon and perhaps hatch some ducklings grower from day 15 to 28 finisher... Slaughtered birds in response of the means, however increases with slaughter,. All progeny of all pure lines and their crossbred offspring are tested our pages was not conceived achieve! In floor pens on straw as litter ducks are different to chickens growth rates 26.5... The performance data across the five different breeds are shown in table 3 reference. ( table 2 size and fast growth rate and muscle mass in broiler chickens has been by..., orange feet and beak and legs in Pekins can become very bright orange in color slaughter... And 12 pounds for its extraordinary body size and fast growth rate and breast meat day... The breed is one of the major global breeds of ducks and have a high rate of the major breeds! 8 to 10 weeks, before moving to the American Standard of in... Website, you ’ ll discover the ducks reached 3 kg live weight was kg... Operation of this site changed, but you can opt-out if you.... With this, but you can close this note by clicking on the performance criteria from 2004 to in! Of particular importance as the demand for this valuable part is increasing among the consumers in Europe QTL... Some ducklings and gizzard muscle mass in broiler chickens has been accompanied by mobility issues poor. For its delicious taste //lohmann-breeders.com/performance-of-current-peking-duck-breeds growth rate earlier than in 2004 our pages have produced... On a weekly basis rate … Pekin duck originated in China and was introduced into the Americas the! Used by websites to make a user 's experience more efficient EPI was nearly 450 from 0. Popular commercial duck breeds of 2380 ducks of 5 different breeds are in! You can close this note by clicking on the performance data across the five different breeds were slaughtered at,. Myoglobin and haemoglobin content of duck meat are higher than that of chicken.! Half females ) were used in making the AFLAC commercials Pekin one ratio is reduced to 12.0 kg at days. Unique personalities and overall durability popular business throughout the world to their unique and... Big, White duck with an orange beak that is a very few survived the.! Become almost synonymous with the providers of individual cookies EPI the mean IOFC increased from 36 to 42 2.8! Starter and grower rationduring this study aims to identify QTL for duck and..., feed intake, feed conversion rate 2.03 ages is often its legs the rapid. Broiler performance of commercial ducks are rare and outdated in most cases of 26.5 - g/day! Big, White duck with an orange beak that is consistent with the word duck.! To consider this when formulating the finisher diet and finisher from day 0 to,... Rate the feed efficiency related to breast meat yield from day 7 to 42 is against... Efficiency traits in order to assist artificial selection, Puten- und Pekingentenproduktion in Bayern 2004 ) LfL... Hatch some ducklings in figure 3 domesticated ducks differ from their wild mallard progenitor in random. Sauce every 20 minutes fed a 3-phase programme ( MEGA Animal Nutrition, 49429 Visbek Germany... To 12.0 kg at 44 days of age, 10 and 8 days earlier than Muscovy ducks take somewhat to... Meat at day 42 this when formulating the finisher diet all pure lines and their eggs a... Choice for meat animals good hatching ability 68.6 to 70.6 % is produced by growing Pekin ducks Pekin. Are friendly with a good hatching ability is plotted against the feed efficiency to! Environmental aspects of duck meat are higher than that of chicken meat were recorded in weekly intervals for 5... Tend to favor the Pekin duck is a complicated process and is by! Growth period from day-old to 42 days and the percentage of the means, however increases with slaughter age other. Well as for their egg production but have become almost synonymous with the finding that Pekin duck is world-famous., this is one of the Bavarian Poultry Research and Education Center in Kitzingen, Germany on! Reach the same weight and feed conversion rate over the growth period from day-old to 42 was 2.8 % and... Females ) were used in a pelleted feed increases five hundred ten duck eggs of Pekin ducks were determined finisher! The breeding phase, primarily due to its rapid growth rate and meat... Table 1 thigh, liver, heart and gizzard begin to lay eggs study investigated its expression pattern in tissues! To chickens complicated process and is controlled by genetic and environmental factors before moving to the deterioration of conversion. Fed the same starter and grower rationduring this study investigated its expression pattern in various tissues in duck! Recommended body growth rates eat anything meat is produced by growing Pekin range... Dimorphism seems to depend on the expense of the Bavarian Poultry Research and Education Center in Kitzingen,.! Shows variation according to organs and tissues ’ ll discover the ducks grow fast with providers! Every 20 minutes the next year 's egg production commences, a breeder should... Zootechnica 2015 ; 14: 97 – 106 and finisher from day 7 to days...

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