The Mormon Battalion Longest Infantry march in United States History. What Is The Mormon Battalion Trek? At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. This film summarizes the history of the Mormon Battalion's historic march during the Mexican-American War in 1846. Most participants will need to supply their own food, water, transportation, and tent or camper. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. “Being part of Cooke’s Cadre will be the most authentic way to experience the trek and will create lasting memories for cadre families,” Henson said. See: Sergeant Daniel Tyler, A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846–1848 (1969); Philip St. George Cooke, et. Our living history re-enactors will dress and live like original Battalion members telling their story as we move from one campsite to the next. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. Sorenson, Stephen B. Planned stops along the trail include Council Bluffs, Iowa; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; Santa Fe and Albuquerque, New Mexico; Tucson and Yuma, Arizona and San Diego, California. True faithful saints - they went though so much for us. The advanced training had to be learned between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters. [2] As quoted in “Marching with the Battalion” by Arianne B. ... Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. San Diego was a small town in the late 1840s. Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. So if my dates and numbers are a little different from something else you’ve seen, that’s why. The Mormon Battalion's only engagement of the war, the Battle of the Bulls, occurred December 11, 1846, when several of the battalion's hunters opened fire on wild cattle that had stampeded into the rear companies. In the 1950s, the Mormons re-established a Mormon Battalion with the goal of erecting monuments along the entire march route to honor the original Battalion. Route hand drawn with purple felt pen on base map Base map: U.S. Geological Survey "Western United States 1:250,000" topographic series Description based on print version record 1 cat-rda DigitalMapProject Georeferenced (world file) : WGS84 Decimal Degrees Scanned USGS Western United States 1:250,000 … He was finally reunited with his wife and family a year and a half after he left. A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. There are many monuments scattered along the entire route but we are only concerned with the ones within Cochise County. March 2,000 miles through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. Those initial dates and figures had been sourced from official Church publications (Ensign articles, institute manuals, etc. It had very detailed maps to use as a basis for my map. When I was in San Diego two years ago (it was my first time), I made a point to go to the San Diego Mormon Battalion Historic Site. Pisgah, Iowa, and the destination is Los Angeles, California. (I hope it helps you feel that, too!) While no Mormon was killed in the venture, two died enroute. Last updated: January 8, 2021. If you would like a copy of the bookmark version, please email him at [email protected]. On 16 July 1846, the Mormon Battalion officially came into existence under Lieutenant Colonel James Allen, Jr. at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. To honor his memory, Henson decided to have a number of trekkers be more immersed in the experience, if they so choose. One of the best sources I found was an Ensign article from 1979 by a history professor. So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. Create a map of a 2,000-mile march through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van Roo's board "Mormon Battalion" on Pinterest. Realizing his Mexican troops were outnumbered and the Mormons had superior weapons, the commander abandoned Tucson and took his men to Mission San Xavier nine miles up stream to avoid a fight. Their participation has now become a staple of the “River of Time” and has grown in numbers and scope to include about 50-60 local members of the Church and community. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” acrossthe Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country We are thankful to them all - related or not - for their examples and faith. We hope to represent them in honorable remembrance. After the page-size map was completed, I made a bookmark version. More than 6 months and 2,000 miles later complete with the heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle, they reached the Pacific Ocean. This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. Create a map of a 2,000-mile march through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. A – We want to… Draw attention to the Mormon Battalion’s legacy using a “living history” reenactment. The march also opened a southern wagon route to California. As was stated, he and others did remain until the contract was completed. They are honored in San Diego history for their contributions in building up the town. On March 20, 1847, the Mormon Battalion stopped at the Mission San Juan Capistrano en route to El Pueblo de Los Angeles to secure California for the United States. I truly hope that is the result for you. The Saints had learned only the rudimentary lessons of emigration during the famous Zion’s Camp march from Ohio to Missouri in 1834. Historian Sherman L. Fleek provides several examples of marches that exceeded in distance the Mormon Battalion's march. Please choose from the following two options: 1. This part of the westward march was a learning period that greatly influenced Mormon history long afterward. In order to accomplish this endeavor, a charitable corporation was organized. The local O'odham and other Piman tribes along the march route were helpful and charitable to the American soldiers. Click Here To 'Like' Meridian Magazine on Facebook, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Temple Location Announced, Temple in Tooele Relocated and Renamed, Meridian Readers are Talking about the New Nauvoo Diary, Why Elizabeth Smart’s grandmother’s passing inspired her to compete on ‘The Masked Dancer’, 10 Tips To Keep Your Kids Safe on Social Media, Come, Follow Me For Individuals and Families: “What Lack I Yet?” Matthew 19-20; Mark 10; Luke 18, Photo Essay: Come with Young Joseph into the Sacred Grove, Five Secrets the Book of Mormon Reveals about the Rise and Fall of Nations. Going on to Salt Lake, Ezra and two others were scouting the trail, when all 3 were killed. “We are excited to be joined in this trek by people who want to pay tribute to the original Battalion members. I’m convinced that this trek will succeed because of the volunteers who have caught the vision and come to love these largely forgotten pioneers as I do.”, He continued, “If we can start a tradition of ‘living history,’ perhaps we can inspire a new generation of people to perpetuate the Battalion’s story and thereby broaden and deepen our understanding of their contribution to the tapestry of North American history.”. After his discharge, he traveled to Salt Lake (another 1,000 miles), arriving only a few months after the first Saints arrived. The Battalion blazed the trail from the Rio Grande River to the Pacific Ocean. For more in-depth information, we suggest using the online and mobile Interactive Maps detailed in … Perhaps you already know the story of the Mormon Battalion: pioneers were struggling across Iowa in 1846 after fleeing Nauvoo and then the US Army enlisted 500 men to respond to the Mexican–American War. Some members were among the first few to later find gold at Sutter’s Mill. The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. While never engaging in battle, they were instrumental in building the southern road used by later pioneers to California as well as a northern route. On July 20 the battalion commenced a 180-mile march down the left bank of the Missouri for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He wanted the volunteers to go directly to Santa Fe rather than taking the longer route via Bent’s Fort in … Henson realizes that such a trek requires a time commitment that many cannot make. Sixty miles of that famous route passed through the Panhandle. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California .. This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. When approximately 330 people trudged into town on January 29, 1847, the locals certainly noticed. That simple visit had at least three pretty profound results: a deeper appreciation for the Battalion, a greater love for my fourth-great-grandfather Richard Sessions, and the creation of two maps to honor the Battalion and educate those who would like to learn more. Brigham Young, the President of the Quorum … Already a military veteran when he enlisted in the Battalion and a Church member less than 3 years, he left behind his wife, mother, two sisters, and most of his children (two sons joined him). ), but apparently the Church history department has revised their sources and dates and figures. March 6, 2015. Virtual Trails, a corporate sponsor of the trek, is developing a computer program that will provide updates of progress along the trail. al., Exploring Southwestern Trails, 1846–1854 (1938); Frank Alfred Golder, Thomas A. Bailey, and Lyman J. Smith, eds.,The March of the Mormon Battalion from Council Bluffs to California Taken from the Journal of Henry Standage (1928). The march also opened a southern wagon route to California, and veterans of the battalion played significant roles in the westward expansion of California, Utah, Arizona, and other parts of the West. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. Complete information about the Mormon Battalion Trek, including reservation forms, lists of needed supplies and equipment and costume suggestions, can be found on the web site, www.battaliontrek.com. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion left Council Bluffs. The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a lengthy distance the Santa Fe Trail. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. Mormon Battalion Trek FAQ . During its service, the battalion made a grueling mar… To order maps and brochures, please contact us. That money, in addition to experience, arms, and supplies received, were an important part of helping the Saints in their trek to the Salt Lake Valley. Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. On 10 September, the Battalion met a group of messengers en route to Fort Leavenworth with the report that on 18 August Kearny, who had been promoted to general, had taken Santa Fe without firing a shot. His youngest child was just 6 months old. The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion … After a year of service, the Battalion was disbanded at Los Angeles. Marker is on West Frontage Road (U.S. 85), on the left when traveling north. Cope, New Era, Jul 2009, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng. Indeed, the service of 500 Latter-day Saint men and women in the Mormon Battalion in 1846-47 was the salvation of the Church. The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. The Pouch of Gold story is true and I've seen, in person, the gold ring his wife wore. They arrived after marching almost 2,000 miles (3,200 kilometers) 1 under the direction of the United States Army. You may have wondered by now, “How do you know where the Battalion marched? ... Illinois and later presented by Brigham young to the Mormon Battalion for their march to fight in the war with Mexico. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Cadre members will pitch a replica tent and will eat and sleep as a group, with meals and tents provided by trek leaders. Information is found on the home page in a tab on the right titled “Travel the Trail as a Virtual VIP.”. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47 By Stanley B. Kimball What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in … There will be a fee involved for participants ranging from $15 per day for day-trekkers to $50 per day for Cooke’s Cadre, and online reservations are required. It all started when Kevin Henson’s 11-year-old Boy Scout patrol took part in a “living history event” in Bay City, Michigan, in 2002. The idea for the map began when I got to talking to one of the historic site’s senior missionaries. One of the Mormon Battalion's greatest accomplishments was to open a southern wagon route to California. The march also opened a southern wagon route to California, and veterans of the battalion played significant roles in the westward expansion of California, Utah, Arizona, and other parts of the West. “I decided to do it as a personal goal. July 20 is the 170th anniversary of the Battalion’s departure from Council Bluffs, Iowa. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). The field of grain he planted there before going back to Winter Quarters (another 1,000 miles) was eaten by crickets. Drive the Trail Ordering Maps. “As far as I know, the entire Mormon Battalion route has never been re-hiked in a commemorative way,” Henson said. On July 16, 1846, 500 soldiers in the U.S. Army’s segregated Mormon Battalion set out from Iowa on what would become a six-month, 2,000-mile march to the Mission San Diego de Alcala. So the plan is to have hikers join the trek anywhere along the way for as long as they can. In the process of creating that map, I prayed that it would be something that would honor the Battalion and their sacrifices. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. It invites you to stop with them along the way and gather details through the narratives. We will learn much, but that 1846 event stands alone in the annals of American history.”. The simplified map below indicates routes used by the Mormon Battalion and its detachments during the enlistment year; 16 July 1846 to 16 July 1847. THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to helpfinance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. Saved by husky. Because the Pony Express Trail ran right through the property, we were required as a condition of development of the property to work with the El Dorado County historian to make sure that any historically significant artifacts were properly preserved. The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. On March 20, 2004, the battalion re-enactors paraded into San Juan Capistrano as part of the Swallows Day Parade. The Mormon Battalion arrived in San Diego on January 29, 1847 after a march of some 1,900 miles from Iowa. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? The Mexicans retreated as the US battalion approached. On January 25, 1847 The Mormon Battalion ... Coach route, and the route for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Directions to the marker include: 35° 27.098′ N, 106° 21.231′ W. Marker is near Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico, in Sandoval County. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” across the Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country • Route used by Jackass Mail line, Butterfield Stagecoach Line, Southern Pacific Railroad Contact the Park. For the next five months until their discharge on July 16, 1847 in Los Angeles, the battalion trained and also performed occupation duties in several locations in southern California. It will take the modern-day trekkers about as long as the original trek, and the planned route actually is considerably longer than the 1846 route, due to property lines and farms being in place now, versus a wide-open prairie. We are making the first complete re-march following the 1846-1847 Mormon Battalion’s route – from Iowa to California. Together, they made the 1,000-mile journey to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. My name is Paul Hoffman. Directions to the marker include: 35° 27.098′ N, 106° 21.231′ W. Marker is near Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico, in Sandoval County. Mormon Battalion re-enactors marched up to the Mission San Juan Capistrano on that date — precisely 157 years after the original battalion walked up to the historic mission. Why does your red line go where it does?” Well, scholars have done most of that heavy lifting already. A – We want to… Draw attention to the Mormon Battalion’s legacy using a “living history” reenactment. Henson used computer software to plan the route. The first, Samuel Boly, expired only twenty-eight miles from Council Bluffs. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Q – Any other goals? Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. Historic and route information will be available for a fee. Headquarters Co. of the Mormon Battalion The battalion marched from Council Bluffs on 20 July 1846, arriving on 1 August 1846 at Fort Leavenworth (Kansas), where they were outfitted for their trek to Santa Fe. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. Jul 22, 2014 - Mormon Battalion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Some years ago I was involved in the development of a shopping center in Pollock Pines, California, a small community on Highway 50 east of Sacramento. The starting point is Mt. So the map needed to be clean, clear, and inviting to look at. Review of History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion, by Sherman L. Fleek. The Battalion blazed the trail from the Rio Grande River to the Pacific Ocean. I am certainly not the family history consultant extraordinaire for the family, but I did recall that I had an ancestor who was a member of the Mormon Battalion. Tyler, Daniel. Once word of my plans got out, many descendants of Battalion soldiers and other interested people started asking to accompany me. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. Even before that, the first thing you probably notice on the map is the bold red line of their march, emphasizing the great distance. We, too, have the same ancestor as A Muhlestein. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. A few key locations and events are noted. Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. The first part of this trail hugged the river bluffs. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846-47 By Stanley B. Kimball (July 1979 Ensign) (Route maps located at bottom) What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Complements author's "A ram in the thicket: the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War." The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. BYU Studies 47:2 (2008):161-165. Each day, the trekkers will travel 17 to 20 miles. Ezra Heela Allen not only joined the Battalion to San Diego area, but went to Coloma to help with Sutter's Mill. I am the stake historical affairs representative. Add your article. ACCOMPLISHMENTS/LEGACY OF THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to help finance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. If you can’t make it, there is another way. I much prefer choice number two. 2. of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail The Mormon Trail extends History of . The Mormon Battalion was the only religiously based unit in United States military history, [1] and it served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican-American War.The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 [2] [3] and 559 [4] Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular US army officers. Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Temple Location Announced, Temple in Tooele Relocated and Renamed, President Joseph F. Smith on Finding Peace in Perilous Times, Has Orson Hyde’s Prayer Been Fulfilled? Brigham Young saw the request as an answer to the Saints’ needs and guaranteed those who enlisted that if they were faithful, no lives would be lost to hostile action[1]. What most impressed the county historian about the Mormon workers was that after the discovery of gold, when thousands were flooding into California to seek their fortunes, a number these faithful brethren finished their contract with John Sutter and then continued their journey back to Utah to rejoin their wives and children, giving up what many would have considered the chance of a lifetime. They camped among the PotawatomiIndians near what became Omaha, Nebraska. For example, including a color terrain depiction as part of the map really helped me feel the heat and rugged terrain over which they marched. Mormon soldiers learned many methods of irrigation from these native inhabitants and employed the methods later as pioneers in Utah and other areas Mormon Battalion. To sign up for Meridian’s Free Newsletter, please CLICK HERE. Although there will be a core group that will hike the entire distance, most are invited to join the trek at certain points and hike for one day, two days, a week or longer. This road opened California to colonization by the United Statas, bringing At the time they enlisted, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints were seeking U.S. government aid for their migration west to the Rocky Mountains and Salt Lake Valley, despite having their previous petitions for redress of grievances denied. These newcomers, dressed in ragged clothes, were members of the Mormon Battalion. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke was the Mormon Battalion commander from Santa Fe to California. In the 1950s, the Mormons re-established a Mormon Battalion with the goal of erecting monuments along the entire march route to honor the original Battalion. The advanced training had to be learned between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters. See more ideas about mormon battalion, mormon, battalion. They went in different directions and, along the way, discovered gold, blazed new routes into California, buried victims of the Donner Party, and proved themselves useful in incalculable ways. “Our trek isn’t intended to be a completely accurate reproduction of the Mormon Battalion’s 1846 trek, Henson said. Entered the Temecula Valley on January 25, 1847. It’s been neat to use the bookmark to share the story of the Battalion with others. Thankfully, I don’t have to pore over every journal and drive backroads with a GPS to collect the data. Hmmmm! Their year-long enlistment included a $42 clothing ration. I serve on the multi-stake historical affairs committee, which is a branch of church public affairs. The trek will begin on July 4, 2008, and is scheduled to end on Feb. 21, 2009. The toll was ten to fifteen bulls killed, two mules gored to death, three men wounded. This trek is reminiscent of a 1997 wagon train that traveled from Winter Quarters, Nebraska to Salt Lake City. A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. Formerly known as the Mormon Battalion Visitors’ Center or Mormon Battalion Historic Site at San Diego, the site was established in 2009 and opened to the public in January 2010. Church history department has revised their sources and dates and figures had been sourced from official Church (... Too! completely accurate reproduction of the Mormon Battalion Association by Paul D and. As long as they can, 2008, and is scheduled to end on Feb. 21, 2009 been 3-month! Where it does? ” well, scholars have done most of heavy... Had fled Nauvoo, Illinois, on July 16, 1846, the trekkers there be. 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