The Chronicle (Παντοδαπὴ Ἱστορία (Pantodape historia)) is divided into two parts. And that the proofs that the times had come, would lie in the ceasing of the Mosaic worship, the desolation of Jerusalem and its Temple, and the subjection of the whole Jewish race to its enemies. For an easier survey of the material of the four Evangelists, Eusebius divided his edition of the New Testament into paragraphs and provided it with a synoptical table so that it might be easier to find the pericopes that belong together. Despite his being suspected as an Arian heretic by figures within the church of his time, Eusebius was highly scrupulous when collecting and making use of his sources. [25] Pamphilus was compared to Demetrius of Phalerum and Pisistratus, for he had gathered Bibles "from all parts of the world". Bishop, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Pamphilus and Eusebius occupied themselves with the textual criticism of the Septuagint text of the Old Testament and especially of the New Testament. He finally lived in Constantinople from 338 up to his death. 2 [Eusebius of Nicomedia + English -an, adjective suffix]: of or belonging to Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia, who was a friend and protector of Arius He was a Bishop included in the Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia. Eusebius is fairly unusual in his preterist, or fulfilled, eschatological view. Although posterity suspected him of Arianism, Eusebius had made himself indispensable by his method of authorship; his comprehensive and careful excerpts from original sources saved his successors the painstaking labor of original research. 27. [7][13] He was most likely born in or around Caesarea Maritima. [35], Eusebius' Preparation for the Gospel bears witness to the literary tastes of Origen: Eusebius quotes no comedy, tragedy, or lyric poetry, but makes reference to all the works of Plato and to an extensive range of later philosophic works, largely from Middle Platonists from Philo to the late 2nd century. They were: The addresses and sermons of Eusebius are mostly lost, but some have been preserved, e.g., a sermon on the consecration of the church in Tyre and an address on the thirtieth anniversary of the reign of Constantine (336). Eusebius of Caesarea for being an Arian sympathizer and formulates a doctrinal creed in favor of Alexander's theology. [36] Whatever its secular contents, the primary aim of Origen and Pamphilus' school was to promote sacred learning. Pamphilus might not have obtained all of Origen's writings, however: the library's text of Origen's commentary on Isaiah broke off at 30:6, while the original commentary was said to have taken up thirty volumes. As a result he was sent into exile, first to Scythopolis in Syria, where the Arian bishop Patrophilus, whom Eusebius calls his jailer, (Baronius, Annal., ad ann. Corrections? Eusebius was a Christian thinker in the third-fourth centuries C.E. Extant are: Eusebius also wrote a work Quaestiones ad Stephanum et Marinum, On the Differences of the Gospels (including solutions). For God has not made nature or the substance of the soul bad; for he who is good can make nothing but what is good. In 313 or 314, Eusebius was made bishop of Caesarea in his native Palestine. [48] Although its accuracy and biases have been questioned,[49] it remains an important source on the early church due to Eusebius's access to materials now lost.[50]. Eusebius remained in the Emperor's favour throughout this time and more than once was exonerated with the explicit approval of the Emperor Constantine. These canon tables or "Eusebian canons" remained in use throughout the Middle Ages, and illuminated manuscript versions are important for the study of early medieval art, as they are the most elaborately decorated pages of many Gospel books. [12], Most scholars date the birth of Eusebius to some point between AD 260 and AD 265 . From a dogmatic point of view, Eusebius stands entirely upon the shoulders of Origen. Before he compiled his church history, Eusebius edited a collection of martyrdoms of the earlier period and a biography of Pamphilus. He also produced a biographical work on Constantine the Great, the first Christian Emperor, who was augustus between AD 306 and AD 337. He later became Bishop of Nicomedia before finally becoming Archbishop of Constantinople. When his own honesty was challenged by his contemporaries. At about the same time, he worked on his Chronicle, a universal calendar of events from the Creation to, again, Eusebius' own time. Eusebius wasn't himself an Arian—he rejected the idea that "there was a time when the Son was not" and that Christ was created out of nothing. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://marginalia.lareviewofbooks.org/discoveries-ethiopian-desert/, https://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Eusebius_Gospel_problems_and_solutions_2010.pdf, "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Eusebius of Caesarea", Origen’s Role in the Formation of the New Testament Canon, "Eusebius of Caesarea: Praeparatio Evangelica (translated by E.H. Gifford)", "Data for discussing the meaning of pseudos and Eusebius in PE XII, 31", Church History (Eusebius); The Life of Constantine (Eusebius), History of the Martyrs in Palestine (Eusebius), Eusebius of Caesarea, The Gospel Canon Tables, Eusebius, Six extracts from the Commentary on the Psalms, Extensive bibliography at EarlyChurch.org, Chronological list of Eusebius's writings, Political influence of Evangelicalism in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eusebius&oldid=1001513283, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles that may contain original research from December 2019, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Another work which originated in the time of the persecution, entitled, A supplement to the last-named work, also against Marcellus, entitled. From the Catholic Encyclopedia. The tables of the second part have been completely preserved in a Latin translation by Jerome, and both parts are still extant in an Armenian translation. But he is not merely a cause; in him everything good is included, from him all life originates, and he is the source of all virtue. Eusebius of Nicodemia was Arian but it was the Eusebius of Caesarea that wrote of Constantine's life and the first church historian to follow Saint Luke. But, Eusebius had never posed as an Arian, and in 341 he had a fresh, triumph in the great Dedication Synod of Antioch, where a large number of orthodox and conservative bishops ignored the Council of Nicæa, and showed themselves quite at one with the Eusebian party; though denying they were ever followers of Arius, who was not even a bishop ! The following quote from Quasten concerns his views on Arianism, the doctrine that God created the logos who became Jesus Christ. Scholars use this range largely because in Ecclesiastical History, Eusebius refers to the third century bishop Dionysius of Alexandria as a contemporary, and Dionysius died in 264 AD. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [39] Eusebius enjoyed the favor of the Emperor Constantine. WhatsApp. Eusebius got his information about what texts were accepted by the third-century churches throughout the known world, a great deal of which Origen knew of firsthand from his extensive travels, from the library and writings of Origen. Afterward, the persecutions under Diocletian and Galerius directed his attention to the martyrs of his own time and the past, and this led him to the history of the whole Church and finally to the history of the world, which, to him, was only a preparation for ecclesiastical history. There are assorted notices of his activities in the writings of his contemporaries Athanasius, Arius, Eusebius of Nicomedia, and Alexander of Alexandria. His successor at the See of Caesarea, Acacius, wrote a Life of Eusebius, a work that has since been lost. Of the extensive literary activity of Eusebius, a relatively large portion has been preserved. "The gravest of the ecclesiastical historians, Eusebius himself, indirectly confesses, that he has related whatever might redound to the glory, and that he has suppressed all that could tend to the disgrace, of religion." At the … 356, n. 97), treated him very cruelly; then to Cappodocia, and lastly to Thebaid. The literary productions of Eusebius reflect on the whole the course of … [citation needed]. [7] He wrote Demonstrations of the Gospel, Preparations for the Gospel and On Discrepancies between the Gospels, studies of the Biblical text. Omissions? His unrelenting harassment of the leaders of the Homoousians helped lead Constantine to depose and exile Bishop St. Athanasius the Great of Alexandria at a synod in Tyre in 335 and to reinstate Arius at a synod in Jerusalem in 335. As "Father of Church History" (not to be confused with the title of Church Father), he produced the Ecclesiastical History, On the Life of Pamphilus, the Chronicle and On the Martyrs. Translation by GLT. [61], A letter Eusebius is supposed to have written to Constantine's daughter Constantina, refusing to fulfill her request for images of Christ, was quoted in the decrees (now lost) of the Iconoclast Council of Hieria in 754, and later quoted in part in the rebuttal of the Hieria decrees in the Second Council of Nicaea of 787, now the only source from which some of the text is known. But the wiles of Eusebius, who in 328 recovered Constantine’s favor, were seconded by Asiatic intrigues, and a period of Arian reaction set in. Facebook. Sabrina Inowlocki & Claudio Zamagni (eds), This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 01:13. The saint firmly declined. But this statement is highly problematic. Eusebius' Life of Constantine (Vita Constantini) is a eulogy or panegyric, and therefore its style and selection of facts are affected by its purpose, rendering it inadequate as a continuation of the Church History. As can be clearly seen in the Poimandres, and even more clearly in an inscription mentioned exclusively in the Theosophia, in the theological language of Egyptian paganism the word homoousios meant that the Nous-Father and the Logos-Son, who are two distinct beings, share the same perfection of the divine nature. Presumably for this reason, among others, Constantine had Eusebius deposed and banished from his see later that year. A portion of this letter was read at the Second Council of Nicæa, and against it were set portions from the letters to Alexander and Euphrasion to prove that Eusebius "was delivered up to a reprobate sense, and of one mind and opinion with those who followed the Arian superstition" (Labbe, "Conc. [62], In the June 2002 issue of the Church History journal, Pier Beatrice reports that Eusebius testified that the word homoousios (consubstantial) "was inserted in the Nicene Creed solely by the personal order of Constantine."[63]. Although Eusebius' works are regarded as giving insight into the history of the early church, he was not without prejudice, especially in regard to the Jews, for while "Eusebius indeed blames the Jews for the crucifixion of Jesus, he nevertheless also states that forgiveness can be granted even for this sin and that the Jews can receive salvation. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, (1890). The authenticity or authorship of the letter remains uncertain. I pray that you fare well in the Lord, remembering our tribulations, fellow-Lucianist, truly-called Eusebius [i.e. Eusebius was baptized and ordained at Caesarea, where he was taught by the learned presbyter Pamphilus, to whom he was bound by ties of respect and affection and from whom he derived the name “Eusebius Pamphili” (the son or servant of Pamphilus). Eusebius detailed in Epistula ad Carpianum how to use his canons. However, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis for the Nicene Creed. [citation needed] After the Emperor's death (c. 337), Eusebius wrote the Life of Constantine, an important historical work because of eyewitness accounts and the use of primary sources. Eusebian definition is - a follower of Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia : arian. Eusebius' own surviving works probably only represent a small portion of his total output. Eusebius of Nicomedia, (died c. 342), an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the same substance as God) and who eventually became the leader of an Arian group called the Eusebians. [28] Because of his close relationship with his schoolmaster, Eusebius was sometimes called Eusebius Pamphili: "Eusebius, son of Pamphilus". But at the Council of Nicaea Eusebius took a middle stand in the Arian controversy and affirmed the council’s creed. [37] Soon after joining Pamphilus' school, Eusebius started helping his master expand the library's collections and broaden access to its resources. The life of Constantine was compiled after the death of the emperor and the election of his sons as Augusti (337). [20] Together with the books of his patron Ambrosius, Origen's library (including the original manuscripts of his works[21][note 1]) formed the core of the collection that Pamphilus established. Google+. "[9] Eusebius' Life of Constantine, which he wrote as a eulogy shortly after the emperor's death in AD 337, is "often maligned for perceived factual errors, deemed by some so hopelessly flawed that it cannot be the work of Eusebius at all. Little is known about the life of Eusebius. His letters to Carpianus and Flacillus exist complete. 280s), he began teaching Eusebius, who was then somewhere between twenty and twenty-five. [citation needed], However, Athanasius of Alexandria became a more powerful opponent and in 334 he was summoned before a synod in Caesarea (which he refused to attend). Back to Early Arian Documents – Next Arian Document. [42], Much like his birth, the exact date of Eusebius' death is unknown. [note 2] The name may also indicate that Eusebius was made Pamphilus' heir. [31] Pamphilus gave Eusebius a strong admiration for the thought of Origen. 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