Once boosted to its suborbital apogee of around 100 km, the glide vehicle separates from its rocket.11 It then cruises down towards its target through the atmosphere. Почему гиперзвуковые блоки решили ставить на Урале", https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/, "Борисов: испытания комплекса "Авангард" доказали его способность разгоняться до 27 Махов", "We Now Know How Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Boost-Glide Weapon Will Launch", "Russia to use SS-19 ICBMs as carriers for Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles — source", "Here's The Six Super Weapons Putin Unveiled During Fiery Address", "Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Missile System To Enter Service By 2019", "Introducing 'Avangard' and 'Sarmat': Putin shows off new hypersonic, nuclear missiles", "Putin named the reason for the development of hypersonic weapons", "Hyper-glide Delivery Systems and the Implications for Strategic Stability and Arms Reductions", "Эксперт об "изделии 4202": теперь США будут меньше бряцать оружием", "Russia begins serial production of new cutting-edge glide vehicle", "Russia's Avangard strategic systems enter series production – source", "Russia's Defense Ministry signs production contract for Avangard hypersonic systems", "Russia's Avangard hypersonic missile system", "New missile Putin mentioned in annual address successfully tested — top brass", "ЦАМТО / Новости / Траектория полета ракеты "Авангард" проходит на высоте десятков километров", "Russia demonstrates Avangard hypersonic missile system to US", "Hypersonic Missiles Are Unstoppable. Sign up for the CSIS Missile Defense Project’s monthly newsletter for info on the project’s latest publications, upcoming events, and analysis on recent missile defense news. [citation needed] The Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Yury Borisov stated a day later that the glider flew at 27 times the speed of sound, "invulnerable to interception". Russia’s Strategic Missile Force has … “The Avangard is invulnerable to intercept by any existing and prospective missile defence means of … According to Vladimir Putin, the US withdrawal from the ABM Treatyin 2002 forced Russia to start developing hypersonic weapons: "We had to create these [hypersonic] weapons in response to the US deployment of a strategic missile defense system, which in the future would be capable of virtually neutralizing, zeroing out all our nuclear potential". [21], On 27 December 2019, the first missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty. Alternative names: Project 4202, Yu-74 [22], HGVs differ from traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes. M oscow said the Avangard is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile but it can make sharp manoeuvres on the way to its target, … A still image taken from video footage released by Russia's Defense Ministry on December 26, 2018, shows a test launch of an Avangard new hypersonic missile in … [citation needed], In October 2016, another flight test was carried out using a R-36M2 heavy ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base, successfully hitting a target at the Kura Missile Test Range. Status: In development, The origins of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) reach back to the mid-1980s, at which time the USSR first started research on hypersonic warheads. [26][27][28][29][30] Arms control expert Jeffrey Lewis of the Institute of International Studies expressed scepticism towards Avangard's ability to evade missile defences, stating that "gliding results in slower speeds than traditional re-entry". According to one report, however, it is likely “either a short wedge-shaped design, or a shuttle with small stabilizer wings, which is installed in the head of the launch vehicle.”13 The HGV likely does not employ a propulsion system, relying on gravity and its aerodynamic features to maintain speeds and altitude.14, In March 2018, President Putin said the Avangard HGV had already entered serial production.15, In December 2018, Russia’s President Putin said his country would deploy the first Avangard regiment in 2019. December 27, 2019. Avangard is designed using new composite materials to withstand temperatures up to 2,000 degree Celsius. [14], On 1 March 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin in his presidential address to the Federal Assembly in Moscow announced that testing of the weapon is now complete and that it has entered serial production. Testers fitted the HGV atop an SS-19 ICBM, which boosted the vehicle more than 6,000 km before striking a target in the Kura shooting range in Kamchatka.3, Russia’s 2014 military intervention in Ukraine reportedly delayed Avangard development, as Ukraine manufactured a critical maneuver and targeting control system for the weapon. The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that the Avangard’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” 8 As a boost-glide weapon, the Avangard is carried to its apogee by a ballistic missile. Avangard is an intercontinental ballistic missile system with a gliding hypersonic maneuvering warhead. The 100-ton strategic missile is said to be able to travel around 6,200 miles and has the capacity to wipe out areas the size of Texas or France. It was one of six “next generation” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018. Here's an Avangard test shot from 2018: This content is imported from YouTube. RS-26 at a Glance. In his March 2018 speech, Vladimir Putin claimed the HGV can maintain atmospheric speeds of up to Mach 20 (6.28 km/s) and can maneuver.12 This maneuverability could make Avangard’s trajectory unpredictable, complicating intercept attempts after its boost phase. Russia's Defense Ministry says it has informed President Vladimir Putin that the controversial new hypersonic, intercontinental-range Avangard missile system has been put into service. Speed: Mach 20 (6.86 km/s) According to a statement by President Putin, Avangard reaches speeds of up to Mach 20, or 15,340 miles an hour. Once at altitude, Avangard zooms down toward its target at Mach 27, or 20,716 miles an hour. It can deliver both nuclear and conventional payloads. [23] The combination of maneuverability and high speed poses significant challenges for conventional missile defense. Class: Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGV) The Avangard HGV has reportedly been integrated with the SS-19 ICBM as a multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle (MIRV). This is earlier than expected, with most public U.S. analysts writing that the HGV would likely enter service in the early 2020s.16 Also in December, Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu announced that “31 launchers with the Yars and Avangard ICBMs will assume combat duty in the Strategic Missile Force.”17, Missile Defense Project, "Avangard," Missile Threat, Center for Strategic and International Studies, January 3, 2019, last modified June 23, 2020, https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/.Copy. 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